Be Advised

Consumers and inspectors and other professionals advising their clients should note that these life expectancies have been determined through research and testing based on regular recommended maintenance and conditions of normal wear and tear, and not extreme weather (or other) conditions, neglect, over-use or abuse. Therefore, they should be used as guidelines only, and not relied upon as guarantees or warranties.

Masonry and Concrete Years
Brick 75+
Insulated Concrete Forms (hybrid block) 75+
Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs) 75+
Man-Made Stone 15
Masonry Sealant 2 to 10
Stone 75+
Stucco/EIFS 25+
Veneer 75+

Masonry is one of the most enduring household components. Fireplaces, chimneys and brick veneers can last the lifetime of a home.

Molding, Millwork and Trim Years
Attic Stairs (pull-down) 50
Custom Millwork 100+
Pre-Built Stairs (interior) 100+
Stair Parts (interior) 100+
Stairs (interior) 100+

Custom millwork and stair parts will last a lifetime and are typically only upgraded for aesthetic reasons.

Panels Years
Flooring Underlayment 25
Hardboard 40
Particleboard 60
Plywood 100
Softwood 30
Oriented Strand Board (OSB) 60
Wall Panels 100+

The lifetime of any interior wood product depends heavily on moisture intrusion.

Plumbing, Fixtures and Faucets Years
ABS and PVC Waste Pipe 50 to 80
Accessible/ADA Handles 100+
Acrylic Kitchen Sink 50
Cast-Iron Bathtub 100
Cast-Iron Waste Pipe (above ground) 40
Cast-Iron Waste Pipe (below ground) 50 to 60
Concrete Waste Pipe 100+
Copper Water Lines 70
Enameled Steel Kitchen Sink 5 to 10
Faucets and Spray Hose 15 to 20
Fiberglass Bathtub and Shower 20
Gas Lines (black steel) 75
Gas Lines (flex) 30
Hose Bib 20 to 30
Instant (on-demand) Water Heater 10
PEX 40
Plastic Water Lines 75
Saunas/Steam Room 15 to 20
Sewer Grinder Pump 10
Shower Enclosure/Module 50
Shower Doors 20
Showerheads 100+ (if not clogged by mineral/other deposits)
Soapstone Kitchen Sink 100+
Sump Pump 7
Toilet Tank Components 5
Toilets, Bidets and Urinals 100+ (if not cracked)
Vent Fan (ceiling) 5 to 10
Vessel Sink (stone, glass, porcelain, copper) 5 to 20+
Water Heater (conventional) 6 to 12
Water Line (copper) 50
Water Line (plastic) 50
Well Pump 15
Water Softener 20
Whirlpool Tub 20 to 50

The quality of plumbing fixtures varies dramatically. The mineral content of water can shorten the life expectancy of water heaters and clog showerheads. Also, some finishes may require special maintenance with approved cleaning agents per the manufacturers in order to last their expected service lives.

Radon Systems Years
Air Exchanger 15
Barometric Backdraft Damper/Fresh-Air Intake 20
Caulking 5 to 10
Labeling 25
Manometer 15
Piping 50+
Radon Fan 5 to 8

Radon systems have but one moving part: the radon fan.

Roofing Years
Aluminum Coating 2 to 6
Asbestos Shakes 30 to 50+
Asphalt Shingles (3-tab) 12 to 17
Asphalt (architectural) 18 to 22
BUR (built-up roofing) 5 to 15
Cellulose Fiber 10
Clay/Concrete 80+
Coal and Tar 18
Copper 50+
EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) Rubber 10 to 15
Fiber Cement 18
Green (vegetation-covered) 5 to 20
Metal 50+
Modified Bitumen 10
Simulated Slate 10 to 25
Slate 50+
TPO 10 to 12
Wood 10

The life of a roof depends on local weather conditions, building and design, material quality, and adequate maintenance. Hot climates drastically reduce asphalt shingle life. Roofs in areas that experience severe weather, such as hail, tornadoes and/or hurricanes may also experience a shorter-than-normal lifespan overall or may incur isolated damage that requires repair in order to ensure the service life of the surrounding roofing materials.

Sidings, Flashing and Accessories Years
Aluminum Siding 20 to 35
Aluminum Gutters, Downspouts, Soffit and Fascia 15 to 35+
Asbestos Shingle 20
Brick 80+
Cementitious 80+
Copper Downspouts 80
Copper Gutters 40+
Engineered Wood 80+
Fiber Cement 75+
Galvanized Steel Gutters/Downspouts 15
Manufactured Stone 80+
Stone 80+
Stucco/EIFS 25+
Trim 18
Vinyl Siding 50
Vinyl Gutters and Downspouts 20+
Wood/Exterior Shutters 15+

Outside siding materials typically last a lifetime. Some exterior components may require protection through appropriate paints or sealants, as well as regular maintenance. Also, while well-maintained and undamaged flashing can last a long time, it is their connections that tend to fail, so seasonal inspection and maintenance are strongly recommended.

Site and Landscaping Years
American Red Clay 75+
Asphalt Driveway 10 to 15
Brick and Concrete Patio 8 to 18
Clay Paving 75+
Concrete Walks 30+
Controllers 12
Gravel Walks 4 to 6
Mulch 1 to 2
Polyvinyl Fencing 75+
Sprinkler Heads 8 to 12
Underground PVC Piping 50+
Valves 12 to 15
Wood Chips 1 to 5
Wood Fencing 10

Site and landscaping elements have life expectancies that vary dramatically.

Swimming Pools Years
Chlorine Generator (salt water) 5
Cover 3 to 5
Deck Finish (acrylic) 5
Diving Board 8 to 10
Gas Heater 3 to 5
Filter (sand) 5 to 10 (sand must be replaced every 3 years)
Filter (cartridge) 2
Filter Grid (DE) 5
Heat Pump 5 to 8
Interior Finish 10 to 20
Motor* 5 to 8
Vinyl Liner 8 to 10
Pool Lights (fiber optic) 3 to 5
Pool Lights (incandescent) 3
Pool Lights (LED) 5 to 7
Pool Water Heater 5
PVC Ball Valve Up to 2
Shell (concrete) 20+
Shell (fiberglass) 20+
Solar Heater 10 to 20
Waterline Tile 10+

Swimming pools are comprised of many systems and components, all with varying life expectancies, depending on their exposure to climatic and weather conditions. Also, proper maintenance is key, especially concerning the pool water's chemical balance. *Replacement motors tend to last half the lifespan of their original counterparts.

Windows Years
Aluminum/Aluminum-Clad 10 to 15
Double-Pane 5 to 15
Skylights 5 to 15
Window Glazing 8+
Vinyl Windows 10 to 30
Wood 15+

Aluminum windows are expected to last between 15 and 20 years, while wooden windows should last nearly 30 years.